Ministry of Public Housing lays foundation for stronger communities23/03/2016
Responsible for developing, administering and implementing public housing policy throughout the nation, the Ministry of Public Works and Housing (Kementerian PUPR) strives to achieve its mission of ensuring the country’s 250 million residents have access to quality homes and living environments.
With a significant low-income population across the republic, many houses in Indonesia are self-built, resulting in large amounts of substandard housing, particularly within major cities.
Understanding the relationship quality housing has to increased economic growth, individual dignity and general well-being, Kementerian PUPR is working to improve existing houses and build new structures for the nation’s poorest people.
One housing improvement program the ministry is in the process of delivering is the Self-help Housing Development Stimulant (Bantuan Stimulan Perumahan Swadaya) program, including new home construction (pembangunan rumah baru) and housing overhaul (perbaikan total). This program is designed to provide residents in need with funding to renovate their houses and make them more liveable.
In order to manage and facilitate the delivery of this program, Kementerian PUPR worked closely with Esri Indonesia to implement an advanced Geographic Information System (GIS) platform, designed to empower the agency’s data collection team and decision-makers with near real-time actionable information.
GIS technology facilitates the collection and compilation of field data, the administration of grant awarding, and allows the progress of housing improvement works to be monitored.
The first stage of the program involves community assistance team members and surveyors undertaking structural assessments in the field to determine which houses and homeowners are eligible for assistance.
GIS technology allows comprehensive structural information to be recorded via mobile devices on-site – data which can then be fed back to the head office in near real-time.
Once the initial appraisals are complete and the recipients are selected, the system fast-tracks the delivery of grants and assistance funds.
By combining various computing systems via the platform, relevant information from on-site field assessments and official grant evaluations can be made readily available to staff administering funding – enabling grants to be efficiently and accurately distributed.
After the money has been provided to nominated homeowners, the community assistance team and surveyors monitor and assess the progress of improvement works funded by the program. The ArcGIS platform is once again instrumental for updating and adding new records while in the field.
Kementerian PUPR has used GIS technology to assist with the construction of special housing – including houses for fishermen and houses in borderline areas – flats, and the installation of infrastructure, facilities and public utilities (Prasarana, Sarana dan Utilitas Public) to support developers who construct simple healthy houses (rumah sederhana sehat).
The GIS solution created by Esri Indonesia has greatly assisted Kementerian PUPR implement these programs by:
- Increasing efficiency: Records are created and updated remotely, eliminating the need to transfer hardcopy files into a digital format
- Reducing duplication: Because files can be accessed and updated from a single centralised location, there is no need for each department to create and maintain separate records
- Enabling better oversight and reporting: Comprehensive data and imagery are available at a glance on a geo-dashboard, and can be easily downloaded for reporting
The intuitive nature of this technology means everyone throughout the organisation can use the system without being a GIS expert.
As these housing improvement projects progress, Kementerian PUPR continues to look for new ways to utilise GIS technology to assist the ongoing development of thriving, healthy and harmonious communities.